Patriot into Traitor Poem Summary Questions Notes Text

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6. PATRIOT INTO TRAITOR by Robert Browning 

Patriot into Traitor Poem Text | Patriot into Traitor Poem Words | Content | Verses

It was roses, roses, all the way,

With myrtle mixed in my path like mad:

The house-roofs seemed to heave and sway,

The church-spires flames, such flags they had,

A year ago on this very day.

The air broke into a mist with bells,

The old walls rocked with the crowd and cries.

Had I said, “Good fold, mere noise repels–

But give me your sun from yonder skies!”

They had answered, “And afterward, what else?”

Alack, it was I who leaped at the sun

To give it my loving friends to keep!

Nought man could do, have I left undone:

And you see my harvest, what I reap

This very day, now a year is run.

There’s nobody on the house-tops now–

Just a palsied few at the windows set;

For the best of the sight is, all allow,

At the Shambles’ Gate– or, better yet,

By the very scaffold’s foot. I trow.

I go in the rain, and more than needs,

A rope cuts both my writs behind;

And think, by the feel, my forehead bleeds,

For they fling, whoever has a mind,

Stones at me for my year’s misdeeds.

Thus I entered, and thus I go!

In triumphs, people have dropped down dead.

“Paid by the world, what dost thou owe

Me?”– God might question; now instead,

‘Tis God shall repay: I am safer so.

Patriot into Traitor Poem Summary Questions Notes Text

Patriot into Traitor Poem Explanation Line by Line | Patriot into Traitor Poem Explanation With Quotes

  • It was roses, roses, all the way, 
  • With myrtle mixed in my path like mad:
  • The house-roofs seemed to heave and sway, 
  • The church-spires flames, such flags they had, 
  • A year ago on this very day. 

Lines 1-5

A year ago, the way where he passed, was garlanded with roses and the scent of myrtles. A large number of excited people were gathered on the roofs. The churches were bejeweled with the bright flags like flames.

  • The air broke into a mist with bells, 
  • The old walls rocked with the crowd and cries. 
  • Had I said, “Good folk, mere noise repels–
  • But give me your sun from yonder skies!”
  • They had answered, “And afterward, what else?”

Lines 6-10

A year ago, the air seemed to be foggy with the loud noise of bells to welcome. The walls of old streets seemed to crack due to the crowd. The people at that time were very excited that if the leader would have asked for the sun, they would have obeyed him and then asked for some other impossibilities.

  • Alack, it was I who leaped at the sun
  • To give it my loving friends to keep!
  • Naught man could do, have I left undone:
  • And you see my harvest, what I reap
  • This very day, now a year is run. 

Lines 11-15

The hasty patriot tells that he had tried his best to acquire the sun like impossible things for his nation but failed. They started to call him a “traitor’. This is the reward a patriot is going to gather. He is the author of his own tragedy like Mr. Z. A Bhutto. 

  • There’s nobody on the house-tops now–
  • Just a palsied few at the windows set;
  • For the best of the sight is, all allow, 
  • At the Shambles’ Gate– or, better yet, 
  • By the very scaffold’s foot. I trow. 

Lines 16-20

He tells us that roofs, houses, and streets are banned today. Only a few old and sick people are looking at him through the windows. Many people are waiting on Shamble Gate where he is going to be hanged. The worse scene is that people are knocking/hitting out him beside the scaffold’s foot.

  • I go in the rain, and more than needs, 
  • A rope cuts both my wrists behind;
  • And think, by the feel, my forehead bleeds, 
  • For they fling, whoever has a mind,
  • Stones at me for my year’s misdeeds. 

Lines 21-25

The traitor is walking in heavy rain. The rope cuts his wrists behind. People are throwing stones at him for his failure of last year. And his forehead is bleeding. 

  • Thus I entered, and thus I go!
  • In triumphs, people have dropped down dead. 
  • “Paid by the world, what dost thou owe
  • Me?”– God might question; now instead, 
  • ‘Tis God shall repay: I am safer so. 

Lines 26-30 

The traitor mourns on his graceful arrival and dreadful departure from the city. Now the people have forgotten his good deeds. They want to execute him but he is optimistic because he attaches his expectations to God Who will reward him for his service to people. The human race is treacherous, but God knows better who is who and what is what. 

Comments:

“Never was a patriot yet, but was a fool”.

Patriot into Traitor Poem Reference to the Context with Explanation

Reference:

These lines have been taken from the poem ‘Patriot into Traitor‘ written by Robert Browning.

Context:- 

The poet enlightens the irony of the fate of a political leader who has got esteem at the beginning of his rule. He tries his best to boost the status of his nation. He, being a human being, may also commit some misdeeds, but his good deeds are kept aside and he is angrily punished. We observe a hell of a difference between his earlier period and his humiliation in the latter. 

Explanation: 

Note: The lines in brackets could be added to the beginning of the explanation of every stanza.

(This is a reaction to the filth of politics. In these lines a political leader describes his 

tragic situation or tragic downfall from a high position of a patriot to the lowest of a traitor within a year in bombastic language and flowery poetic diction.) 

Patriot into Traitor Poem Important Questions and Answers

These are some other questions that may be important according to the examination.

  1. Why did followers of the Patriot, when he was in power, say: And afterward, what else? 
  2. How is the patriot repaid for his public services? 
  3. What is an optimistic idea about the poem?
  4. Elaborate the central idea of the poem.
  5. Why did the political leader become unpopular?
  6. What are the expectations of a political leader?
  7. What does the poem tell us about the judgment of the people?
  8. Patriot is the author of his tragedy, elaborate?
Patriot into Traitor Poem Summary Questions Notes Text

Patriot into Traitor Poem Summary, Theme & Critical Appreciation

The poet enlightens the irony of the fate of a political leader who has got esteem at the beginning of his rule. He tries his best to boost the status of his nation. He, being a human being may also commit some misdeeds, but his good deeds are kept aside and he is angrily punished. In this dramatic monologue, we observe a hell of a difference between his earlier period and his humiliation in the latter.

A year ago, the people were very excited that if the leader would have asked for the sun, they would have obeyed him and then asked for some other impossibilities. The hasty patriot tells that he had tried his best to acquire the sun like impossible things for his nation but failed. And the hasty people started to call him a ‘traitor’. This is the reward a patriot is going to gather. He is the author of his own tragedy like ‘Mr.Z. A. Bhutto’.

The traitor mourns his graceful arrival and dreadful departure from the city. The people want to execute him but he is optimistic because he attaches his expectations to God who will reward him for his service to people. The human race is treacherous, but God knows better who is who and what is what. 

“Never was a patriot yet, but was a fool.”

“John Dryden”

What is a dramatic monologue? 

Ans:- 

1st Para of Multi Answer + The poem is a striking dramatic monologue. The dramatic monologue is a kind of soliloquy. It is spoken by one person in the scene of a play. In this poem, “I” is used frequently because that “hero” himself is narrating his story. Lines like:

“Alack, it was I who leaped at the sun 

And: Thus I entered and thus I go 

And: ‘Tis God shall repay: I am safer so”

Patriot into Traitor Poem Summary Questions Notes Text

In this pure dramatic monologue, the Patriot tells us that + 2nd Para of Multi Answer.

What is the relevance of this poem to the poetical conditions prevailing in the countries of the third world?
Explain the relevance of “Patriot into Traitor” to the political conditions prevailing in Pakistan?

Ans:- 

1st Para of Multi Answer + The poem “Patriot into Traitor” has a special relevance to the political conditions prevailing in underdeveloped countries like Pakistan. Normally, the underdeveloped countries are populated by poor and illiterate people. They love and admire one political leader for a short time. Soon they are fed up with his policies. In Pakistan, people also forget the services done by a leader and consider him as a traitor. The poem suggests that people should show tolerance for their political leaders because a sudden change in the rulers brings political as well as economic instability.

Bring out the contrast in the fate of the hero as shown in Browning’s “patriot into traitor”. 

Ans:- 

1st Para of Multi Answer + A year ago, the way where he passed, was garlanded with roses and the scent of myrtles. The people at that time were very excited that if the leader would have asked for the sun, they would have obeyed him and then asked for some other impossibilities. 

He tells us that roofs, houses, and streets are barren today. Only a few old and sick people are looking at him through the windows. Many people are waiting at the Shamble Gate where he is going to be hanged. People are throwing stones at him for his failure of last year. And his forehead is bleeding.

The poem is a criticism of power worship. Discuss? 

Ans:- 

1st & 2nd Para of Multi Answer + The poem is also a criticism on the power-worship. As long as man is in power, everyone supports and loves him. He is respected and loved. But when a man is out of power, all his supporters leave him. 

Patriot into Traitor Poem Summary in Urdu

شاعر ایک ایسے سیاسی رہنما کی تقدیر کی ساکھ کو اجاگر کرتا ہے جسے اپنے دور حکومت کے آغاز میں ہی عزت ملی ہے۔

وہ اپنی قوم کے وقار کو فروغ دینے کی پوری کوشش کرتا ہے۔ وہ ، انسان ہونے کے ناطے کچھ غلط حرکتیں بھی کرسکتا ہے ، لیکن اس کی نیکیاں ایک طرف رکھی جاتی ہیں اور اسے غصے سے سزا دی جاتی ہے۔

اس ڈرامائی ایکولوجی میں ، اس کے پچھلے دور اور آخرالذکر میں ان کی ذلت کے مابین فرق پایا جاتا ہے۔

ایک سال پہلے ، لوگ بہت پرجوش تھے کہ اگر رہنما سورج مانگتا تو ، وہ اس کی اطاعت کرتے اور پھر کچھ اور ناممکنات کا مطالبہ کرتے۔

جلد باز محب وطن بتاتا ہے کہ اس نے اپنی قوم کے لئے ناممکن چیزوں کی طرح سورج حاصل کرنے کی پوری کوشش کی تھی لیکن وہ ناکام رہا۔ اور عجلت پسند لوگ اسے ‘غدار’ کہنے لگے۔

محب وطن اس انعام کو جمع کرنے والا ہے۔ وہ ‘مسٹرذوالفقارعلی بھٹو’ جیسے اپنے ہی المیے کا مصنف ہے۔

غدار اپنی مکرم آمد اور شہر سے خوفناک روانگی پر سوگ مناتا ہے۔ لوگ اسے پھانسی دینا چاہتے ہیں لیکن وہ پر امید ہیں کیونکہ وہ خدا سے اپنی توقعات پوری کرتا ہے جو اسے لوگوں کی خدمت کا بدلہ دے گا۔

نسل انسانی غدار ہے ، لیکن خدا بہتر جانتا ہے کہ کون کون ہے اور کیا ہے۔

“ابھی تک محب وطن نہیں تھا ، لیکن ایک بیوقوف تھا۔”

“جان ڈرائن”

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