Kubla Khan Poem Summary Questions Theme Notes Text

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Kubla Khan by S.T Coleridge

Kubla Khan Poem Text | Kubla Khan Poem Words | Content | Verses

In Xanadu did Kubla Khan

A stately pleasure-dome decree:

Where Alph, the sacred river, ran

Through caverns measureless to man

Down to a sunless sea.

So twice five miles of fertile ground

With walls and towers were girdled round;

And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills,

Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;

And here were forests ancient as the hills,

Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.

But oh! that deep romantic chasm which slanted

Down the green hill athwart a cedarn cover!

A savage place! as holy and enchanted

As e’er beneath a waning moon was haunted

By woman wailing for her demon-lover!

And from this chasm, with ceaseless turmoil seething,

As if this earth in fast thick pants were breathing,

A mighty fountain momently was forced:

Amid whose swift half-intermitted burst

Huge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail,

Or chaffy grain beneath the thresher’s flail:

And mid these dancing rocks at once and ever

It flung up momently the sacred river.

Five miles meandering with a mazy motion

Through wood and dale the sacred river ran,

Then reached the caverns measureless to man,

And sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean;

And ’mid this tumult Kubla heard from far

Ancestral voices prophesying war!

   The shadow of the dome of pleasure

   Floated midway on the waves;

   Where was heard the mingled measure

   From the fountain and the caves.

It was a miracle of rare device,

A sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice!

   A damsel with a dulcimer

   In a vision once I saw:

   It was an Abyssinian maid

   And on her dulcimer she played,

   Singing of Mount Abora.

   Could I revive within me?

   Her symphony and song,

   To such a deep delight ’twould win me,

That with music loud and long,

I would build that dome in air,

That sunny dome! those caves of ice!

And all who heard should see them there,

And all should cry, Beware! Beware!

His flashing eyes, his floating hair!

Weave a circle round him thrice,

And close your eyes with holy dread

For he on honey-dew hath fed,

And drunk the milk of Paradise.

Kubla Khan Poem Summary Questions Theme Notes Text

Kubla Khan Poem Explanation Line by Line | Kubla Khan Poem Explanation With Quotes

  • In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
  • A stately pleasure-dome decree;
  • Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
  • Through caverns measureless to man
  • Down to a sunless sea.

Lines 1-5

The poet tells us that Kubla Khan ordered that a royal palace should be building for him in Xanadu where the sacred river Alph ran through deep caves and fell into a dark sea.

  • So twice five miles of fertile ground
  • With walls and towers were girdled round:
  • And there were gardens with sinuous rills,
  • Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;
  • And here were forests ancient as the hills,
  • Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.

Line 6-11

The poet tells us that in Xanadu the area of ten miles of fertile ground was encircled with walls and towers for a magical palace. This palace had bright gardens, winding streams, and trees with sweet-smelling flowers. There were also forests as old as hills, and in the middle of these forests, there were many sunlit places.

  • But oh! that deep romantic chasm which slanted
  • Down the green hill athwart a cedarn cover!
  • A savage place!as holy and enchanted
  • As e’er beneath a waning moon was haunted
  • By woman wailing for her demon-lover!

Lines 12-16

The poet tells us that there was a deep and romantic crack in that side of the hill which was overgrown. It seemed to be a very strange and wild place with cedar seemed as holy and enchanted to as ever found beneath a dull yellow, decreasing moon where a sad and sorrowful woman was found weeping and crying in separation from her ghost-lover.

  • And from this chasm, with ceaseless turmoil seething,
  • As if this earth in fast thick pants were breathing,
  • A might fountain momently was forced:
  • Amid whose swift half-intermitted burst
  • Huge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail,
  • Or chaffy grain beneath the thresher s’ flail,

Lines 17-22

The poet tells us that from the mystic crack there flowed a mighty fountain which threw out the pieces of rocks. This scene has three possible resemblances as earth is breathing, hailing, or grain flow out of a thresher’s work. 

  • And mid these dancing rocks at once and ever
  • It flung up momently the sacred river.
  • Five miles meandering with a mazy motion
  • Through wood and dale the sacred river ran,
  • Then reached the caverns measureless to man,
  • And sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean:
  • And mid this tumult Kubla heard from far
  • Ancestral voices prophesying war!

Line 23-30

The sacred river Alph flowed a five miles long winding course through the rocks, woods, and valleys. Then it entered into deep caves and finally sank into the dark sea producing a loud noise. Amidst this noise, “god” heard the voices of his ancestors prophesying future wars. 

  • The shadows of the dome of pleasure
  • Floated midway on the waves;
  • Where was heard the mingled measure
  • From the fountain and the caves.
  • It was a miracle of rare device,
  • A sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice!

Lines 31-36

The poet tells us that the palace was the miracle of skill. It was a sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice. It was a supernatural thing – a strange combination of sun and snow. 

  • A damsel with a dulcimer
  • In a vision once I saw:
  • It was an Abyssinian maid,
  • And on her dulcimer she played,
  • Singing of Mount Abora. 

Line 37-41

The poet tells us that once in his dream, he saw an Abyssinian maid playing on her dulcimer and singing a sweet song about Mount Abora. 

  • Could I revive within me?
  • Her symphony and song,
  • To such a deep delight to would win me,
  • That with music loud and long,
  • I would build that dome in air,
  • That sunny dome! those caves of ice!

Lines 42-47

The poet says that if he could recapture the sweet melody of the Abyssinian maid, it would fill Abyssinian maid, it would fill him with such a divine inspiration that he would be able to build the same pleasure-dome of “god” with all its strange combination of sun and snow in the air. 

  • And all who heard should see them there,
  • And all should cry, Beware! Beware!
  • His flashing eyes, his floating hair!
  • Weave a circle round him thrice,
  • And close your eyes with holy dread,
  • For he on honey-dew fed,
  • And drunk the milk of Paradise.

Lines 48-54

The poet says that all who heard the song would also be able to see Khan’s supernatural palace in the air. And they would become alarmed and terrified by the supernatural power of the poet. They would consider him a magician who had drunk honey-dew and milk of heaven. 

Kubla Khan Poem Reference to the Context with Explanation

The poem is remarkable for Coleridge’s sense of beauty in words and sounds, his vivid imagination, a rich explanatory power of supernatural things, and a combination of energy and control in the rhythm and sound.

Kubla Khan Poem Important Questions and Answers

  1. Discuss the poem as a fantasy. 
  2. How does the poem sound romantic?  
  3. What is the atmosphere of the poem like?  
  4. Discuss the fantastic and dream-like atmosphere of the poem.
  5. How does the poem look supernatural? 
Kubla Khan Poem Summary Questions Theme Notes Text

Kubla Khan Poem Summary, Theme & Critical Appreciation–h2

Multi-Answer For All The Above Questions

Note: You can write this answer for any question related to the poem Kubla Khan!

Coleridge’s imagination resembled the wings of a hawk. It enabled him to soar, though not to run. “Kubla Khan” is an opium fantasy – a dream within a dream. The majestic poet of nature in the stream of consciousness sees an Abyssinian girl who is playing on her dulcimer and sings a captivating song. The poet claims that, if he could revive the mystic melody of this song, he would build the same supernatural pleasure dome in the air, which was once in possession of god-like Kubla Khan in mysterious Xanadu.

This romantic poem takes us into an utterly new world, which is ghostly and puzzling -a supernatural. It is a “brave new world” like one finds in Shakespeare’s “Tempest” or Walter De La Mare’s “Tartary”. But this poem achieves its effect mainly by ‘far-reaching suggestiveness’.

“Romanticism” emphasized sensibility, the free expression of feelings, nature, and the unusual things. The whole poem is full of romantic and supernatural elements as sacred river Alph ran through deep caves, bright gardens, winding streams, trees with sweet-smelling flowers, sunlit places, a sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice, an Abyssinian maid playing on her dulcimer and singing.

The poem is remarkable for Coleridge’s sense of beauty in words and sounds, his vivid imagination, a rich explanatory power of supernatural things, and a combination of energy and control in the rhythm and sound. He packed the poem with a fantastic and dream-like atmosphere.

These are some other questions that may be important according to the examination.

  • What was the romantic chasm? 

Ans:- 

“Romanticism” emphasized sensibility, the free expression of feelings, nature, and the unusual things. The whole poem is full of romantic and supernatural elements as sacred river Alph ran through deep caves, bright gardens, winding streams, trees with sweet-smelling flowers, sunlit places, a sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice, an Abyssinian maid playing on her dulcimer and singing.

But the poet tells us powerfully about “romantic chasm” that there was a deep and romantic crack in that side of the hill which was overgrown with cedar trees. It seemed to be a very strange and wild place. It seemed as holy and enchant ever found beneath a dull, yellow, decreasing moon where and sorrowful woman was found weeping and crying in separation of her ghost-lover. The poet tells us that from this mystic crack, there flowed a mighty fountain that threw out the pieces of rocks. This scene has three possible resemblances as earth is breathing, hailing, or grain flow out of a thresher’s work.

This “romantic chasm” remarkable for Coleridge’s sense of beauty in words and sounds, his vivid imagination, a rich explanatory power of supernatural things, and a combination of energy and control in the rhythm and sound. 

  • Make a comparison between Tartary and Xanadu?

Ans:-

Coleridge’s imagination resembled the wings of a hawk. It enabled him to soar, though not to run. “Kubla Khan” is an opium fantasy – dream within a dream. “Romanticism” emphasized sensibility, the free expression of feeling, nature, and the unusual things. Mysterious Xanadu is full of romantic and supernatural elements as the sacred river Alph runs through deep caves, bright gardens, winding streams, trees with sweet-smelling flowers, sunlit places, and a sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice.

This romantic Xanadu takes us into an utterly new world, which is ghostly and puzzling -a supernatural. It is a “brave new world” like one finds in Shakespeare’s “Tempest” or Walter De La Mare’s “Tartary”. But this poem achieves its effect mainly by ‘far-reaching suggestiveness’.

In Tartary there are also competitive fanciful images as tigers roaming in the forest, fish swinging in the bright pools, coach driven by seven zebras through the dark woods, silver pale rivers, high hills, glens, thickets Woods, shining stars, scented air, trembling lakes and bird-delighting citron trees or in purple valleys.

Both the poem is remarkable for Coleridge’s sense of beauty in words and sounds, his vivid imagination, a rich explanatory power of supernatural things, and a combination of energy and control in the rhythm and sound. He packed the poem with a fantastic and dream-like atmosphere.

Kubla Khan Poem Summary in Urdu

کولرج کا تخیل باز کے پروں سے مشابہت رکھتا تھا۔ اس نے اسے چلانے کے لئے نہیں ، اگرچہ چلنے کے قابل بنا دیا۔ “قبلہ خان” افیون کا فنتاسی ہے – خواب میں ایک خواب۔

شعور کے دھارے میں فطرت کا شاہی شاعر ایک حبشی لڑکی کو دیکھتا ہے جو اپنی زحل پر کھیل رہی ہے اور ایک دلکش گانا گاتی ہے۔

یہ رومانٹک نظم ہمیں بالکل نئی دنیا میں لے جاتی ہے ، جو مایوسی اور حیران کن ہے – ایک مافوق الفطرت۔ یہ ایک “بہادر نئی دنیا” ہے جیسے شیکسپیئر کے “ٹیمپیسٹ” یا والٹر ڈی لا مارے کی “ٹارٹری” میں پائی جاتی ہے۔

لیکن یہ نظم بنیادی طور پر ‘دور رس تجویز سے’ اپنا اثر حاصل کرتی ہے۔

“رومانویت پسندی” نے حساسیت ، جذبات ، فطرت اور غیر معمولی چیزوں کے آزاد اظہار پر زور دیا۔

پوری نظم رومانوی اور مافوق الفطرت عناصر سے بھری ہوئی ہے کیونکہ مقدس ندی نالہ گہری غاروں ، روشن باغات ، سمندری دھاروں ، میٹھے خوشبو پھولوں والے درختوں ، سورج کی روشنی کے مقامات ، برف کی گفاوں کے ساتھ دھوپ کی خوشی کا گنبد ، ایک حبشیائی نوکرانی کھیل رہی تھی۔

کولرج کے الفاظ اور آوازوں میں خوبصورتی کے احساس ، اس کی واضح تخیل ، مافوق الفطرت چیزوں کی وضاحتی طاقت ، اور تال اور آواز میں توانائی اور قابو کا ایک امتزاج کے لئے یہ نظم قابل ذکر ہے۔

اس نے نظم کو ایک حیرت انگیز اور خواب جیسے ماحول سے بھر دیا۔

Topic list of Kubla Khan Poem Summary Questions Theme Notes Text

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  • Kubla Khan poem summary in Urdu
  • Kubla Khan poem figures of speech
  • Kubla Khan poem in English
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  • Kubla Khan poem explanation line by line
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